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Section 155 of Indian Evidence Act, 1872
Section 155 of Indian Evidence Act, 1872 deals with 'Impeaching credit of witness'
From the Act
The credit of a witness may be impeached in the following ways by the adverse party, or, with the consent of the Court, by the party who calls him:-
(1) by the evidence of persons who testify that they, from their knowledge of the witness, believe him to be unworthy of credit;
(2) by proof that the witness has been bribed, or has [accepted] the offer of bride, or has received any other corrupt inducement to give his evidence;
(3) by proof of former statements inconsistent with any part of his evidence which is liable to be contradicted;
(4) when a man is prosecuted for rape or an attempt to ravish, it may be shown that the prosecutrix was of generally immoral character.
Explanation.--A witness declaring another witness to be unworthy of credit may not, upon his examination-in-chief, give reasons for his belief, but he may be asked his reasons in cross-examination, and the answers which he gives cannot be contradicted, though, if they are false, he may afterwards be charged with giving false evidence.
(a) A sues B for the price of goods sold and delivered to B. C says that he delivered the goods to B.
Evidence is offered to show that, on a previous occasion, he said that he had not delivered goods to B.
The evidence is admissible.
(b) A is indicted for the murder of B.
C says that B, when dying, declared that A had given B the wound of which he died.
Evidence is offered to show that, on a previous occasion, C said that the wound was not given by A or in his presence.
The evidence is admissible.
Related Cases / Recent Cases
- Section 149: Question not to be asked without reasonable grounds
- Section 150: Procedure of Court in case of question being asked without reasonable grounds
- Section 151: Indecent and scandalous questions
- Section 152: Questions intended to insult or annoy
- Section 153: Exclusion of evidence to contradict answer to questions testing veracity
- Section 154: Question by party to his own witness
- Section 156: Questions tending to corroborate evidence of relevant fact, admissible
- Section 157: Former statements of witness may be proved to corroborate later testimony as to same fact
- Section 158: What matters may be proved in connection with proved statement relevant under section 32 or 33
- Section 159: Refreshing memory -When witness may use copy of document to refresh memory
- Section 160: Testimony to facts stated in document mentioned in Section 159
- Indian Penal Code, 1860
- Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
- Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
- Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996