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UK Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984

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HomeBrud.gifUK LawBrud.gifUK Public General ActsBrud.gifUK Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984

1984 CHAPTER 60

Sections / Provisions / Statute

Part I Powers to Stop and Search

  • Section 1: Power of constable to stop and search persons, vehicles etc.
  • Section 2: Provisions relating to search under section 1 and other powers.
  • Section 3: Duty to make records concerning searches.
  • Section 4: Road checks.
  • Section 5: Reports of recorded searches and of road checks.
  • Section 6: Statutory undertakers etc.
  • Section 7: Part I—supplementary

Part II Powers of Entry, Search and Seizure

Search warrants

  • 8. Power of justice of the peace to authorise entry and search of premises.
  • 9. Special provisions as to access.
  • 10. Meaning of “items subject to legal privilege”.
  • 11. Meaning of “excluded material”.
  • 12. Meaning of “personal records”.
  • 13. Meaning of “journalistic material”.
  • 14. Meaning of “special procedure material”.
  • 15. Search warrants—safeguards.
  • 16. Execution of warrants.

Entry and search without search warrant

  • 17. Entry for purpose of arrest etc.
  • 18. Entry and search after arrest.

Seizure etc.

  • 19. General power of seizure etc.
  • 20. Extension of powers of seizure to computerised information.
  • 21. Access and copying.
  • 22. Retention.

Supplementary

  • 23. Meaning of “premises” etc.

Part III Arrest

  • 24. Arrest without warrant: constables
  • 24A.Arrest without warrant: other persons
  • 25.(1) Where a constable has reasonable grounds for suspecting that...
  • 26. Repeal of statutory powers of arrest without warrant or order.
  • 27. Fingerprinting of certain offenders.
  • 28. Information to be given on arrest.
  • 29. Voluntary attendance at police station etc.
  • 30. Arrest elsewhere than at police station.
  • 30A.Bail elsewhere than at police station
  • 30B.Bail under section 30A: notices
  • 30C.Bail under section 30A: supplemental
  • 30CA.Bail under section 30A: variation of conditions by police
  • 30CB.Bail under section 30A: variation of conditions by court
  • 30D.Failure to answer to bail under section 30A
  • 31. Arrest for further offence.
  • 32. Search upon arrest.
  • 33. Execution of warrant not in possession of constable.

Part IV Detention

Detention—conditions and duration

  • 34. Limitations on police detention.
  • 35. Designated police stations.
  • 36. Custody officers at police stations.
  • 37. Duties of custody officer before charge.
  • 37A.Guidance
  • 37B.Consultation with the Director of Public Prosecutions
  • 37C.Breach of bail following release under section 37(7)(a)
  • 37CA.Breach of bail following release under section 37(7)(b)
  • 37D.Release on bail under section 37: further provision
  • 38. Duties of custody officer after charge.
  • 39. Responsibilities in relation to persons detained.
  • 40. Review of police detention.
  • 40A. Use of telephone for review under s. 40
  • 41. Limits on period of detention without charge.
  • 42. Authorisation of continued detention.
  • 43. Warrants of further detention.
  • 44. Extension of warrants of further detention.
  • 45. Detention before charge—supplementary.

Detention—miscellaneous

  • 45A. Use of video-conferencing facilities for decisions about detention
  • 46. Detention after charge.
  • 46ZA.Persons granted live link bail
  • 46A. Power of arrest for failure to answer to police bail.
  • 47. Bail after arrest.
  • 47A. Early administrative hearings conducted by justices’ clerks.
  • 48. Remands to police detention.
  • 49. Police detention to count towards custodial sentence.
  • 50. Records of detention.
  • 51. Savings.
  • 52. Children.

Part V Questioning and Treatment of Persons by Police

  • 53. Abolition of certain powers of constables to search persons.
  • 54. Searches of detained persons.
  • 54A. Searches and examination to ascertain identity
  • 54B.Searches of persons answering to live link bail
  • 54C.Power to retain articles seized
  • 55.Intimate searches
  • 55A.X-rays and ultrasound scans
  • 56. Right to have someone informed when arrested.
  • 57. Additional rights of children and young persons.
  • 58. Access to legal advice.
  • 59.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  • 60. Tape-recording of interviews.
  • 60A. Visual recording of interviews
  • 61.Finger-printing.
  • 61A.Impressions of footwear
  • 62. Intimate samples.
  • 63.Other samples.
  • 63A. Fingerprints and samples: supplementary provisions.
  • 63B. Testing for presence of Class A drugs.
  • 63C. Testing for presence of Class A drugs: supplementary.
  • 64. Destruction of fingerprints and samples.
  • 64ZA.Destruction of samples
  • 64ZB.Destruction of data given voluntarily
  • 64ZC.Destruction of data relating to a person subject to a control order
  • 64ZD.Destruction of data relating to persons not convicted
  • 64ZE.Destruction of data relating to persons under 18 not convicted: recordable offences other than qualifying offences
  • 64ZF.Destruction of data relating to persons under 16 not convicted: qualifying offences
  • 64ZG.Destruction of data relating to persons aged 16 or 17 not convicted: qualifying offences
  • 64ZH.Destruction of data relating to persons under 18 convicted of a recordable offence other than a qualifying offence
  • 64ZI.Sections 64ZB to 64ZH: supplementary provision
  • 64ZJ.Destruction of fingerprints taken under section 61(6A)
  • 64ZK.Retention for purposes of national security
  • 64ZL.Retention with consent
  • 64ZM.Destruction of copies, and notification of destruction
  • 64ZN.Use of retained material
  • 64A. Photographing of suspects etc.
  • 65. Part V—supplementary.
  • 65A.Qualifying offence”

Part VI Codes of Practice—General

  • 66. Codes of practice.
  • 67. Codes of practice—supplementary.

Part VII Documentary Evidence in Criminal Proceedings

  • 68.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
  • 69. Evidence from computer records.
  • 70. Provisions supplementary to sections 68 and 69.
  • 71. Microfilm copies.
  • 72. Part VII—supplementary.

Part VIII Evidence in Criminal Proceedings—General

Convictions and acquittals

  • 73. Proof of convictions and acquittals.
  • 74. Conviction as evidence of commission of offence.
  • 75. Provisions supplementary to section 74.

Confessions

  • 76. Confessions.
  • 76A.Confessions may be given in evidence for co-accused
  • 77. Confessions by mentally handicapped persons.

Miscellaneous

  • 78. Exclusion of unfair evidence.
  • 79. Time for taking accused’s evidence.
  • 80.Competence and compellability of accused’s spouse or civil partner.
  • 80A.Rule where accused’s spouse or civil partner not compellable.
  • 81. Advance notice of expert evidence in Crown Court.

Part VIII—supplementary

  • 82. Part VIII— interpretation.

Part IX Police Complaints and Discipline

The Police Complaints Authority

  • 83. Establishment of the Police Complaints Authority.

Handling of complaints etc.

  • 84. Preliminary.
  • 85. Investigation of complaints: standard procedure.
  • 86. Investigation of complaints against senior officers.
  • 87. References of complaints to Authority.
  • 88. References of other matters to Authority.
  • 89. Supervision of investigations by Authority.
  • 90. Steps to be taken after investigation—general.
  • 91. Steps to be taken where accused has admitted charges.
  • 92. Powers of Authority to direct reference of reports etc. to Director of Public Prosecutions.
  • 93. Powers of Authority as to disciplinary charges.
  • 94. Disciplinary tribunals.
  • 95. Information as to the manner of dealing with complaints etc.
  • 96. Constabularies maintained by authorities other than police authorities.
  • 97. Reports.
  • 98. Restrictions on disclosure of information.
  • 99. Regulations.
  • 100. Regulations—supplementary.

Amendments of discipline provisions

  • 101. Discipline regulations
  • 102. Representation at disciplinary proceedings.
  • 103. Disciplinary appeals.

General

  • 104. Restrictions on subsequent proceedings.
  • 105. Guidelines concerning discipline, complaints, etc.

Part X Police—General

  • 106. Arrangements for obtaining the views of the community on policing.
  • 107. Police officers performing duties of higher rank.
  • 108. Deputy chief constables.
  • 109. Amendments relating to Police Federations.
  • 110. Functions of special constables in Scotland.
  • 111. Regulations for Police Forces and Police Cadets—Scotland.
  • 112. Metropolitan police officers.

Part XI Miscellaneous and Supplementary

  • 113.Application of Act to Armed Forces.
  • 114.Application of Act to Revenue and Customs
  • 114A. Power to apply Act to officers of the Secretary of State etc.
  • 115. Expenses.
  • 116. Meaning of “serious arrestable offence”.
  • 117. Power of constable to use reasonable force.
  • 118. General interpretation.
  • 119. Amendments and repeals.
  • 120. Extent.
  • 121. Commencement.
  • 122. Short title.

SCHEDULES

  • SCHEDULE 1: Special Procedure
  • SCHEDULE 1A: Specific offences which are arrestable offences
  • SCHEDULE 2
  • SCHEDULE 2A: Fingerprinting and samples: power to require attendance at police station
  • SCHEDULE 3
  • SCHEDULE 4
  • SCHEDULE 5
  • SCHEDULE 6: Minor and Consequential Amendments
  • SCHEDULE 7
  • Repeals

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