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Legal System of Brazil
Law of Brazil
Brazilian law is influenced by th Portuguese Civil law.
Constitution of Brazil
The Federal Constitution is the supreme law of the country. It came into force on October 21, 1988.
Courts of Brazil
The Supreme Federal Court is the highest court of justice in the country. Judges are appointed by the President for life after the approval of the Senate. All the judges and justices must be graduated in law. Brazilian judges retire at the age of 70.
There are two national superior courts that grant writs of certiorari in civil and criminal cases
- The Superior Justice Tribunal (Superior Tribunal de Justiça, STJ) and
- The federal supreme court, called the Supreme Federal Tribunal (Portuguese: Supremo Tribunal Federal)