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Wrong takes place in two ways - by commission of an act, or by omission of an act. According to Sec. 33 of IPC, an 'Act' denotes a single act or a series of acts, and an 'Omission' denotes a single Ommission or a series of Omissions.
Wrongs can be either Public Wrongs or Private Wrongs. A Private Wrong is the injury caused to an individual or group of individuals. A Public Wrong is an offence against the community. Crimes are public wrongs.
- Jang Sing v Brij Lal, AIR 1966 SC 1631: Party not to suffer a wrong occasioned by the inaction or fault on the part of the Court. It is settled law that no person should suffer for inaction or fault on the part of the court.
- Tilak Raj vs Haryana School Education Board, Bhiwani, 1992 CPC 61: Complainant can make a complaint if the wrong is a continuing wrong. The result of the candidate of the school board was stated as 'Result Later' and the result was not given even after 10 years. Hence, the complainant can make a complaint under Section 24A of Consumer Protection Act, 1986 because it is a continuing wrong.
- Basant Kumar Mahanty v Utkal University, AIR 1990 Ori 10
- Dr Het Ram Kalia v Himachal Pradesh University, AIR 1977 Him Pra (NOC) 246 is a case about irregular appointment, Quo Warranto, Writ under Article 226 of Constitution of India, application of Res judicta and treatment of writs when delay and laches exits particularly when a continuing wrong exits.