Schools are groups of thoughts that are based on broadly the same fundamental premise.
As a theory or philosophy of Law, Salmond dividend Schools of Jurisprudence into three types:
- Analytical School
- Historical School
- Philosophical School
- Also called Imperative, Positive, Teleological, English or Austinian School.
- Jurists: Bentham, John Austin
- Importance is not given to the relation of law to the State but to the societal institutions in which law exhibits itself.
- Jurists: Savigny, Sir Henry Maine
- Also called the Ethical School, Metaphysical School or the Law of Nature School
- Continental school is metaphysical
- Jurists: Hugo Grotius, Immanuel Kant, Hegel