Right to Information Act, 2005
The Right to Information Act, 2005 is Act No. 22 of 2005.
[15th June, 2005.]
An Act to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities, in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority, the constitution of a Central Information Commission and State Information Commissions and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
WHEREAS the Constitution of India has established democratic Republic;
AND WHEREAS democracy requires an informed citizenry and transparency of information which are vital to its functioning and also to contain corruption and to hold Governments and their instrumentalities accountable to the governed;
AND WHEREAS revelation of information in actual practice is likely to conflict with other public interests including efficient operations of the Governments, optimum use of limited fiscal resources and the preservation of confidentiality of sensitive information;
AND WHEREAS it is necessary to harmonise these conflicting interests while preserving the paramountcy of the democratic ideal;
NOW, THEREFORE, it is expedient to provide for furnishing certain information to citizens who desire to have it.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-sixth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
CHAPTER I: PRELIMINARY
Short title, extent and commencement.
1. Short title, extent and commencement.-(1) This Act may be called the Right to Information Act, 2005.
(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
(3) The provisions of sub-section (1) of section 4, sub-sections (1) and (2) of section 5, sections 12, 13, 15,16, 24, 27 and 28 shall come into force at once, and the remaining provisions of this Act shall come into force on the one hundred and twentieth day of its enactment.
- Section 2: Definitions.
- Section 3: Right to information
- Section 4: Obligations of public authorities
- Section 5: Designation of Public Information Officers
- Section 6: Request for obtaining information
- Section 7: Disposal of request
- Section 8: Exemption from disclosure of information
- Section 9: Grounds for rejection to access in certain cases
- Section 10: Severability
- Section 11: Third party information
- Section 12: Constitution of Central Information Commission
- Section 13: Term of office and conditions of service
- Section 14: Removal of Chief Information Commissioner or Information Commissioner
- Section 15: Constitution of State Information Commission
- Section 16: Term of office and conditions of service
- Section 17: Removal of State Chief Information Commissioner or State Information Commissioner
- Section 18: Powers and functions of Information Commissions
- Section 19: Appeal
- Section 20: Penalties
- Section 21: Protection of action taken in good faith
- Section 22: Act to have overriding effect
- Section 23: Bar of judisdiction of courts
- Section 24: Act not to apply in certain organizations
Related Cases / Recent Cases / Case Law
- Namit Sharma Vs Union of India, Writ Petition (Civil) No 210 of 2012; Supreme Court Judgement delivered on September 13, 2012
- March 3, 2015: Defence Organisation Under the Purview of RTI
- August 12, 2013: BCCI under RTI
- August 8, 2013: Online Application of RTI
- August 2, 2013: Amendment to the Right to Information Act, 2005
- March 24, 2013: Several Initiatives Taken by Government to Ensure a Corruption Free, Transparent Administration
- January 11, 2013: Government Working on Several Legislative Initiatives to Ensure Transparent Administration, no Plan to Amend RTI Act
- December 5, 2012: Jurisdiction of RTI Act
- October 12, 2012: Prime Minister inaugurates CIC Annual Convention on RTI
- October 12, 2012: PM's speech at the Annual Convention of Information Commissioners