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Pecuniary bias is bias that involves pecuniary interest (as in money, financial interest, monetary terms etc.), howsoever small it is. Several decisions of the English courts have laid that involvement of pecuniary bias will invalidate the proceedings.
Related Cases / Recent Cases / Case Law
- Dimes v Grand Junction Canal Co., (1852) 3 HLR 759: The appellant was engaged in a prolonged litigation against the respondent company. The Lord Chancellor gave a decision against the appellant. It later became known the the Lord Chancellor has a share in the respondent company. In appeal, their Lordships of House of Lords held that though Lord Chancellor forgot to mention about the his interest / share in the respondent company by mere inadvertence, yet the interest was sufficient to invalidate the decision given by the Chancellor.
- Vassailliadas v Vassailliadas, AIR 1945 SC 38: Privy Council in India made a reference to pecuniary bias in this decision. Lord Wright held that, "The simplest type of bias, is where the Judge is shown to have pecuniary interest in the results of the proceedings, there it will be held at once that he is disqualified, howsoever small the interest and howsoever clear it may be that his mind could be affected."