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International Law

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Introduction to International Law

Hugo Grotius wrote two books - Mae Liberium and De Jure belli ac pacis (The Law of War and Peace). He is considered the Father of Modern International Law.

Few experts feel that International Law is not a law in the true sense because it does not have any binding force nor was there any machinery put up for its strict implementation though International Organizations such as the United Nations Organization attempts to do this. International Law is not as strong as the Municipal Law. However, various theories relate International Law and Municipal Law.

International Law generally does not interfere with the internal law of the State. However, it is responsible for the acts of its nationals either directly or as vicariously.

Recognition of a State is some times different from Government.

International Law is a dynamic law and is constantly changing.

Sources of International Law

The sources of International Law are:

Codification of International Law

Main Article: Codification of International Law

Codification of International Law is as important as codification of any other law. However, codification of International Law has some unique features.

International Law as seen by various countries

Subjects of International Law

Main Article : Subjects of International Law

A member of a State in relation to his Government or owing allegiances to a sovereign or other ruler, or member of a State except the Sovereign himself. All people residing in a country are the subjects of that country.

Modern Trends in International Law

  • Despite states getting political freedom, there is a constant fight for economic rights and equality
  • States are calling for a New International Economic Order (NIEO)
  • Despite adoption of the Law of the Sea, 1982, powerful states continue to stay away and sign mini-treaties leading to a parallel system as seen in Deep-sea mining
  • International Terrorism Law: International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings, 1997, and the International

Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, 2005 and several conventions are on to address the problem of International terrorism and bring about a law to prevent and counter terrorism.

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