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Human Rights

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HomeBrud.gifHuman Rights

Human Rights are those rights which are inherent in our nature and without which we cannot live as human beings.

Human Rights and fundamental freedom allows us to fully develop and use our human qualities, our intelligence, our talents and our conscience and to satisfy our spiritual and other needs. They are based on mankind's increasing demand for a life in which the inherent dignity and worth of each human being will receive respect and protection.

Human rights are sometimes called fundamental rights or basic rights or natural rights.

They are called fundamental rights or basic rights because they are those which must not be taken away be legislature or by any act of Government.

As natural they have been as belonging to men and women by their very nature.

Human rights are not created by any legislation they assume the position of human rights.

Topics related to Human Rights

  • Meaning of Human Rights
  • Classification of Human Rights
  • Origin of Human Rights
    • American Revolution
    • French Revolution
  • Sources of International Human Rights Law
  • Natural Theory of Human Rights
  • Legal Right Theory
  • Historical Theory of Rights
  • Social Welfare Theory of Rights
  • Idealistic Theory of Rights
  • Constitution and Human Rights
    • Constitutions need to be Human Rights friendly and only then can HR be a reality.
  • Principles of Natural Justice are considered the basic Human Rights because they attempt to bring justice to the parties naturally.
  • Collective Rights

United Nations and Human Rights

  • International Bill of Human Rights
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948
  • International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights
  • International Covenants on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
  • International Covenants on Inhuman acts

Civil and Political Rights

  • Kinds of Civil and Political Rights
  • Right to Life
  • Capital punishment
  • Death penalty
  • Pardoning power of President and Governor
  • Right to own property
  • Right to vote
  • Right to contest election

Social and Economic Rights

  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Right to education
  • Right to family
  • Right to form and join trade union
  • Right to culture
  • Right to adequate food
  • Right to health

Vulnerable groups according to Human Rights

  • Rights to Women
  • Rights of Unborn Child
  • Right of the Child
  • Education rights of the Child
  • Right to special protection in Emergency
  • Right against exploitation
  • Rights of Tribals / Indigenous rights: Rights of indigenous peoples. Ethnic groups who are natives to a land or region
  • Rights of Disable Persons
  • Rights of the Ageing
  • Rights of Minorities

Enforcement of Human Rights

  • African Charter
  • African Commission on Human Rights
  • European Convention on Human Rights
  • Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
  • American Convention on Human Rights
  • Inter-American Convention
  • India and Human Rights
  • Human Rights Commission
  • Amnesty International
    • Peter Benenson, London, 1961
    • 1977 Nobel Peace Prize
    • Media attention, direct appeal campaigns, research and lobbying
    • 3 million members and supporters
  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 1979
  • United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989

Other topics

  • International Conferences on Human Rights
  • Regional Conferences on Human Rights
  • International Humanitarian Law

Acts & Rules related to Human Rights

  • Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
  • Freedom of Earning Livelihood Bill, 2010
  • Prohibition on Religious Conversion Bill, 2011
  • Prevention of Begging Bill, 2010
  • Right to Privacy Bill, 2010
  • Delhi Rehabilitation Grant to Released Prisoners Rules, 2010
  • Dalit Backward and Oppressed Youth (Development and Welfare) Bill, 2010
  • Karnataka Right to Information (Amendment) Rules, 2009
  • Children (Rights, Development and Welfare) Bill, 2009
  • Victims of Natural Calamities (Rehabilitation and Financial Assistance) Bill, 2010
  • Prevention of Torture Bill, 2010
  • Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Amendment Rules, 2009
  • Prevention of Hunger and Malnutrition and Right to Food Bill, 2009
  • Prevention of Unsolicited Telephonic Calls and Protection of Privacy Bill, 2009
  • Delhi Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Rules, 2009
  • Unorganised Workers' Social Security Rules, 2009
  • Commission of Sati (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2008
  • Homeless Orphan and Street Children (Rehabilitation and Welfare) Bill, 2008
  • Working Children (Welfare and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2008
  • Minimum Wages (Amendment) Bill, 2008
  • Office of Chief Commissioner for Persons With Disabilities Recruitment Rules, 2007
  • Lok Sabha Secretariat Right to Information (Regulation of Fee and Cost) Amendment Rules, 2007
  • Euthanasia (Permission and Regulation) Bill, 2007
  • Karnataka Transparency in Public Procurements (Amendment) Rules, 2007
  • Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (Amendment) Act, 2006
  • Rajya Sabha Secretariat Right to Information (Regulation of Fee and Cost) (Amendment) Rules, 2006

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