Jump to: navigation, search

Criminology is the systematic study of criminals.

Criminals are people who commit crimes.

Criminologists are people who study criminology.

The study deals with:

  • Study of crimes
  • nature of crimes
  • causes of crimes
  • detection of crimes
  • prevention of crimes



  • Criminology is the science of crime in all aspects.
  • Edwin H Sutherland
  • D R Cressey: Criminology is the body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon.
  • Elliot M A Merill
  • D R Taft
  • Webster Dictionary
  • Jock Young formulated six dichotomies to understand criminal behavior:
    • Individual's behavior: Free vs Determinism
    • Functioning of social order: Consensus vs Coercion
    • Definition of Crime: Legal vs Social
    • Extent and Distribution of crime: Limited vs Extensive
    • Causes of crime: Individual vs Social
    • Policy towards criminals: Punishment vs Treatment

Causes of Crime

  • Social causes of crime
  • Economic causes of crime
  • Physical and mental causes of crime
  • Geographical causes of crime
  • Political causes of crime

Causation of Crime

  • Heredity and crime
  • Mental Disorder and Criminality
  • M' Naghten's Rule of Criminal Responsibility
  • Insanity under Indian Criminal Law
  • Bio-physical factors and criminality
  • Intelligence Testing and criminality
  • Personality aspects of criminals
    • Hooton's View
    • Sheldon's Views on Criminality
    • Donald Taft
    • Freud's theory of criminal behavior
    • Glueck's Psychiatric Theory of Crime
  • Psychological concept of crime
  • Aristotle's Four Laws of Association
  • Conflict Theory of Crime
  • Female Criminality - Gender-based explanations
  • Group Therapy

Sociological Theory of Crime

  • Sociological Theory of Criminal Behavior
  • Theory of Differential Association
  • Multiple Factor Approach to Crime Causation
    • Mobility
    • Culture Conflict
    • Family Background
    • Political Ideology
    • Religion and Crime
    • Economic conditions
    • Ecology of crime
    • Media influence
  • Crime in urban and rural areas
  • Neighborhood influences

Tentative Theory of Crime

Crime and Economic Conditions

Organized Crime

White Collar Crime

Cyber Crimes

Sexual Offenders

Alcoholism, Drug Addiction and Crime

Related Topics

Related Acts

Related News

Personal tools