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- Gura Singh v. State of Rajasthan, (2001) 2 SCC 205 referring to the decisions in Rao Shiv Bahadur Singh v. State of Vindhya Pradesh, AIR 1954 SC 322, Maghar Singh v. State of Punjab], AIR 1975 SC 1320, Narayan Siingh V. State of M.P., AIR 1985 SC 1678, Kishore Chand v. State of H.P., AIR 1990 SC 2140 and Baldev Raj v. State of Haryana, AIR 1991 SC 37: It is the settled position of law that extra judicial confession, if true and voluntary, can be relied upon by the court to convict the accused for the commission of the crime alleged.
- Sahadevan & Another v. State of Tamil Nadu, 2012 AIR SCW 3206 referring to the rulings in Sk. Yusuf v. State of W.B. (2011) 11 SCC 754 and Pancho v. State of Haryana, (2011) 10 SCC 165 : AIR 2012 SC 523: The extra-judicial confession is a weak evidence by itself and it has to be examined by the court with greater care and caution; that it should be made voluntarily and should be truthful; that it should inspire confidence; that an extra-judicial confession attains greater credibility and evidentiary value if it is supported by a chain of cogent circumstances and is further corroborated by other prosecution evidence; that for an extra- judicial confession to be the basis of conviction, it should not suffer from any material discrepancies and inherent improbabilities; and that such statement essentially has to be proved like any other fact and in accordance with law.
Indian Evidence Act
- Section 24: Confession caused by inducement, threat or promise when irrelevant in criminal proceeding
- Section 25: Confession to police officer not to be proved
- Section 26: Confession by accused while in custody of police not to be proved against him
- Section 28: Confession made after removal of impression caused by inducement, threat or promise relevant
- Section 28: Confession otherwise relevant not to become irrelevant because of promise of secrecy, etc.
- Part III deals with the topic of Confessions
- Section 25: Confession Defined.
- Section 25A: Confessions Generally Inadmissible.
- Section 26: Confessions and Admissions Caused by Inducement, Threat or Promise.
- Section 27: Confession Made After Removal of Impression Caused by Inducement, Threat or Promise.
- Section 28: Repealed.
- Section 29: Confessions to Police Officers.
- Section 30: (repealed).
- Section 31: Repealed.
- Section 32: Confession Implicating Co-accused.
Uganda Evidence Act
- Section 23: Confessions to police officers and power of Minister to make rules.
- Section 24: When confessions irrelevant.
- Section 25: Confession made after removal of impression caused by violence, etc.
- Section 26: Confession otherwise relevant not to become irrelevant because of promise of secrecy, etc.
- Section 27: Consideration of proved confession affecting person making it and others jointly under trial for same offence.
- Indian Evidence Act, 1872
- Indian Penal Code, 1860
- Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
- Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973