Codification of International Law

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Codification of International Law is as important as codification of any other law. However, codification of International Law has some unique features because it provides:

  • Harmonization and co-ordination of various municipal laws to uniform statues as far as practicable
  • Arranging the existing customary international law in a systematic process
  • Includes all conventions, treaties, charters etc.

The process of codification of International Law began in 18th century when the Declaration of Paris, 1856 was signed by 7 countries. It was followed by the Hague Conference, first in 1899 and later in 1907.

Advantages

  • Brings law into shape and avoids confusion
  • Preserves customs. Because preserving laws means preserving customs
  • Unification of laws of the world
  • Avoids conflict between judiciary and executive

Disadvantages

  • Codified laws are rigid
  • Moves away from individuality and might effect sentiments, customs and traditions etc.
  • Wrong-doers can take advantage of codified law because they come to know of ways of avoiding provisions of law
  • Disturbs citizen rights at times
  • Codified law is never complete. It is always constantly evolving.

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