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Codification of International Law
- Harmonization and co-ordination of various municipal laws to uniform statues as far as practicable
- Arranging the existing customary international law in a systematic process
- Includes all conventions, treaties, charters etc.
The process of codification of International Law began in 18th century when the Declaration of Paris, 1856 was signed by 7 countries. It was followed by the Hague Conference, first in 1899 and later in 1907.
- Brings law into shape and avoids confusion
- Preserves customs. Because preserving laws means preserving customs
- Unification of laws of the world
- Avoids conflict between judiciary and executive
- Codified laws are rigid
- Moves away from individuality and might effect sentiments, customs and traditions etc.
- Wrong-doers can take advantage of codified law because they come to know of ways of avoiding provisions of law
- Disturbs citizen rights at times
- Codified law is never complete. It is always constantly evolving.