Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)
The formation of the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) to tackle cases related to corruption was recommended by the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, the Santhanam Committee. The Committee was was appointed in 1962 and was named after its chairman Santhanam.
The CVC was made the highest body to tackle anti-corruption cases and heads over the prevailing bodies such as the Directorate of General Complaints and Redress, the Directorate of Vigilance and the Central Police Organization.
The recommendations of the Santhanam Committee were accepted and CVC was established on a non-statutory basis on February 11, 1964. It was attached to the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India. To uphold its independence, the Ministry can not send any order, direction or instruction to influence the CVC.
The Commission will be assisted by the Central Bureau of Investigation in its operations. However, of late, the CBI was busy in dealing with non-corruption investigation cases such as smuggling, murders etc.
CVC Chief Commissioner
The Chief Commissioner of CVC will be appointed by the President of India for a term of six years or at his retirement at the age of 65-years, which ever is earliest. Hence, the CVC Chief Commissioner does not hold office at the pleasure of the President. He can be removed from office by the President on ground of misbehavior but only after the Supreme Court of India has held an inquiry into his case and recommend an action against him.
The Chief Commissioner will operate the vigilance machinery and coordinate the work of vigilance officers subordinate to him.
Related Cases / Recent Cases / Case Law
- Jain Hawala Case: The Supreme Court directed for the separation of four investigative agencies from the control of the executive. These include CBI, Enforcement Directorate, Revenue Intelligence Department and the CVC. The court shifted CBI to be under the administrative control of CVC. The Court directed for making the CVC into a statutory body.
- Lokpal Bill, 1977
- Official Secrets Act, 1923
- Central Vigilance Commission Bill, 2003